Why Narendra Damoder Modi is different

Narendra Modi never had an easy life. Neither till his teenage years were over, nor beyond till this date. Yet one important choice he made, that made his life purposeful, was straight out of Krishna’s message to Arjuna: To immerse himself as a Karmayogi. Few people know he never fought an election in his life till after he became the Gujarat Chief Minister first time in 2001. That as a teenager his instincts were to become a monk at the Ramakrishna Mission. That he seeked detachment from world and family much like Buddha at a very young age is again little known. A Monk advised him, much like what the Mission recommends to itself, the need to serve society. Modi became a Sevak at the RSS and remained rooted in Indian ethos by that association.


In his association, like possibly in every other big setup, there were organizational and process management opportunities to be imbibed. Narendra Modi internalized the experiences from a very Dharmic perspective. One completely shorn of self-aggrandization. He proceeded with those principles to this day. He rose due to his organizational and process management ability and instincts, yet he never used those to promote his family and self. In itself, for those acquainted with typical politicians in India over the last century, only a very few may score close on these qualities as does Narendra Modi. And those that do score close to his personal sacrifices, don’t score closely enough on the practicality aspect of his vision. To bridge the Dharmic rooted perspective to Modern management skills necessary to sustaining the India story is not an easy one for an ordinary person to cross over. Those skill sets emerge only with endured pain, hardship, sacrifice, right thinking and an eagerness to serve.

It is precisely these qualities: the persistence in serving selflessly, the imbibing of simple rational approaches to process management that his organizational abilities began to emerge and be noticed. A deep down conviction led to Tyaag (sacrifice), Tyaag with conviction led to clarity in approach. Clarity in approach led to an evolving emergence of vision. The conviction in that vision emerged to a statesmanship that few understood and many cynics failed completely to comprehend. Narendra Modi did not seek ‘rewards’. The ‘rewards’ came to him. His stature rose solely due to what he could deliver. He did not lead Morcha’s, Bandhs, Strikes, Hartals, Agitations to rise like many other politicians even in his represented party. He did not belong to any political moneyed dynasty, he did not do wheeling and dealing, and neither he was a professional that was made it as a Rajya Sabha kind of appointee. No, Modi worked, delivered and worked some more. He listened more, talked less, analyzed even more all over these years. He never even then stood for elections or coveted a high post for self. Service remained a motivating credo for Modi always. Then came the big shake. The Gujarat earthquake.

On 7th October 2001, Modi was appointed (not elected) as CM of Gujarat. Patels’ reign as CM was mired in corruption, chaos, poor performance and age related competency issues. Modi would have known as he refused to be a Deputy CM to Patel. Even a Deputy CM ranking was a very huge personal jump for Modi from where he was. But he walked away calmly from that and would become CM with the condition he would be fully responsible for the State. His first 120 days he would be immersed in organizing and providing relief to the devastated regions of the massive earthquake that hit Gujarat earlier. And he did a commendable job. Then Godhra happened. The one thing that should have struck was even as the train fire embers were burning, Modi ordered his top cop to escort returning Hajj pilgrims safely to their homes. Within hours he realized he was woefully short of forces and wrote letters to neighboring states to assist him with police cadre. As the scale of devastation increased in 48 hours, Modi ordered police shoot at sight orders. Almost 300 Hindu’s were killed in police firing. Yet few people know Narendra Modi had never stood in an election till even then.

Modi imbibed a lot from the RSS in terms of cultural ethics, values, discipline and possibly more. Yet much he reserved deeper within were at odds with the RSS. Even during the 2002 elections Modi’s ideas of governance then revolved around privatization and small government, which stood at odds with what journalists described as the “anti–privatization, anti–globalization position” of the RSS. From a perpetually power and water deficit to power and water surplus State, Modi achieved it through hard work, rational policy and terrific organizational and administrative ability. Fast forward to 2012 elections and Modi was still again at cross roads with the RSS and VHP who supported the Oust Modi Campaign in favor of Patel. But Modi stood fast. He continued to respect RSS for it’s cultural ethics and moorings but not necessarily on it’s developmental vision and moorings. That steadfastness and conviction is what separated Modi from the rest. And that inability to differentiate of many in the press and beyond made people fear a rise of some totalitarian. Nothing could be more incorrect. For a person to be endorsing federalism and devolution, a small government and maximum governance: nothing can be further than than Fuhrer kind of Fascism. Those that equate Modi with Fascism have a fundamental flaw in their thinking: One that blinds them to emerging Maoist or Islamist fascism as opposed to a person that inherently believes in Dharma, devolution and less government. The flaw lies not in Modis way but possibly in both the 40’s dress code of the RSS as well as the flawed thinking that inherits some of the ‘Macaulyzed’ in India devoid of basic analytical ability and skill and the arrogance of dismissiveness.

Yet, while it is not easy to bracket the diversity of the political discourse and composition in India and how Modi fits in it or stands different, an attempt can be made. One thing that emerges from the effort is that Modis rise is unlike that of normal politicians which one can bracket in 4 main categories:

  1. Dynasty claimants
  2. Morcha/ Bandh/ Agitation Opportunistic kind
  3. Appointees that cannot win popular elections.
  4. Money splurging deal makers

These variety of politicians make the entire politic community in India from almost pre-independence to today. The Nehruvian Dynasts, Scindias, Yadavs, Gowda’s and a large number fit in the first. They may have no vision, no organizational capability, no skills or even intelligence, yet they are in the fray because of bloodline. The Morcha/ Bandh politicians are interesting as many emerge from very humble backgrounds. Yet like Mamta Bannerjee , George Fernandes, Bal Thackeray, Jayalitha and today Arvind Kejriwal kinds they represent more a degree of anarchy than any good governance solutions and veer too much left for comfort. The third variety are the Rajya Sabha nominee type: Manmohan Singh and those that have cabinet posts on the basis of a nomination and not a popular election. The last one are the ones that possess splurge money. Usually this is the criminal background variety and have been dominant in many states including Bihar, UP: The booth capturing variety and they do win elections. These are also used by assorted dynasts and have seats and multiple election wins to boot. Yet they have no vision and no solutions for either development or governance.

Further one can do an simple classification and self assessment on the deliverability of a leader at a national level. A simple example is given below:

pol opin 3

That above in its entirety spells the political spectrum that exists in India. Every politician one can think of today fits in the above 4 major categories. Except possibly one today. Narendra Modi. Every politician since Independence performs poorly on some indicator in the above chart. Except possibly one: Narendra Modi. The choice for an individual thus should not be a difficult one to make because only one politician cuts beyond the baggage that Politicians offer their constituents. Narendra Modi.

Solving Kashmir: The Integration Referendum

When Nehru promised a plebiscite to the people in J&K several decades ago, the Princely State was identified as a unified whole. Pakistan by attempting a crude land grab of a significant amount of the Princely State along with massive influx of people from the Punjab and Tribal areas attempted to change the demographics in it’s favor. Those acts prompted the UN to clearly announce preconditions for a satisfactory plebiscite to be conducted. These conditions were:

  1. Withdrawal of Pakistani Forces from areas of occupation
  2. Returning to the original demographics.

Under present circumstances both these conditions are not achievable by any stretch of practical application or imagination. India tried its best to make up to these conditions by conducting several free and some possibly flawed elections to give a semblance of self rule to the State. It also gave special status in the form of an Art 370 that took self governance to the closest levels of independent statehood that the Indian Union could possibly afford to offer to any State within its ambit.

However within the Indian subcontinent there was one thing always kept changing every few decades, the nature/ boundaries of the States within the union were always of fluid permanence. A massive Punjab, Madras, Bengal, Tranvancore made way with time to other smaller entities. Some due to intrinsic dependency and some as a result of natural administrative requirement. Post Independence many new States have been incorporated, borders altered. Haryana formed from Punjab, Uttarkhand carved from UP, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh and many more examples for better administrative and governing purposes have always kept emerging within the Union. The rigid boundaries of Statehood were never a permanent feature ever in the Indian context. That gave many in Post Independence India an opportunity to divide territories on a linguistic basis. Even these were later divided to administer or govern them better, many divisions based largely on prevalent public opinion. Whatever be the reason, the simple truth underlined was the non-sanctity of State Geographical boundaries in the Indian context.

With that in mind, it is an aberration that J & K’s century old boundaries be held as some sacrosanct. And particularly so after Pakistan annexed major parts, handed significant territories to China and China too annexed the Eastern regions brazenly.The sanctity of state boundaries were destroyed then itself in the most undemocratic manner. Apart from these many parts of the state are fed up of the perpetual violence perpetrated by Islamists and  games that Pakistan and China play out in the region, yet helpless pawns as for some reason India does not integrate them fully. These regions are not  small geographical entities. Looking at the map one will realize these regions are a major chunk of the geographical area of the erstwhile state. The clamor for a plebiscite and the principle of self determination (though initially invoked by Nehru himself) has been a steady calling of Islamists and Pakistan. The spirit of any referendum is in giving the people a choice of their liking. If the numbers polled are small enough then this choice is immaterial. Families that do not like the idea of living in US or UK or India have reasonable means at disposal to move to other countries of choice. Districts, like families in India would be too small and dependent to be able to be declared as independent countries. With that understanding we approach the Kashmir problem. Referendums are always to be about the wishes of the people, referendums are also about Integration and not necessarily separation if the people so wish. And that is applicable to a large number of major areas of Jammu and Kashmir. The only thing which keeps us from visualizing what this entails is the so called sanctity of the the boundaries of the erstwhile State of Jammu and Kashmir, which already have been violated by Pakistan and China alike.

Ladhak and Jammu are two significant areas with a large Hindu and Buddhist (Dharmic) population and though several decades back clearly had affinity to the original boundaries and it’s princely jurisdiction, with the advent of Islamism many are now not particularly keen to associate with the State in it’s original format and are more keen to integrate with the Indian Union. To determine that a clear referendum ‘if they indeed are keen to integrate more keenly with the Indian Union than Art 370 allows them to‘ must be pursued. I personally am not aware of any Indian held surveys except a C Voter HT poll conducted one to that affect some time ago, but am of one significant one that was conducted by someone Pro Pakistan: Gadaffi’s son Saif. Even though he tried to influence the Kings College, London on tweaking the Survey results, Robert Bradnock insisted on carrying it out independent of influence. Meanwhile Saif Gadaffi, so influenced by Pakistani propaganda that Kashmir was absolutely Pro-Pak in it’s entirety must have been a bit shaken at the results that emerged from the survey. Some of the rude shocks both to Saif, the Pakistani establishment and possibly their Western moralist backers are listed here (included some from the C Voter HT survey also):

  1. “Bradnock’s poll, the first ever to be held on both sides of LoC, unearthed that 98% of people in India-controlled J&K did not wish to be a part of Pakistan; and 50% in POK did not wish to remain with Pakistan, either.” (Saif Gadaffi sponsored Kings College Poll)

  2. “While in the predominantly Muslim Kashmir Valley in Indian-administered Kashmir, the proportion in favor of independence ranged from 74%-95%.But in the four districts of the predominantly Hindu Jammu part of Indian-administered Kashmir, there was virtually no support for independence at all.” (Saif Gadaffi sponsored Kings College Poll)

  3. “Only six per cent in Kashmir wanted a “complete merger of the entire Jammu and Kashmir in Pakistan.”

  4. “The desire for independence for the state is not shared in the Jammu and Ladakh parts however, where 76 per cent and 70 per cent wanted a “complete merger” of the state into India.” (C Voter Poll)

  5.  In a response to a question: “Will an end to militant violence help to end the conflict?” “Opinion ranged from 0% in Rajouri to 98% in Anantnag and Kathua, while in Pakistani-administered Kashmir it ranged from 27% in Kotli to 75% in Bagh.”

Now while it cannot be denied a majority do wish for Independence, it is also important then that a major geographical area of the State and it’s inhabitants are completely against that independence. So can a Hispanic Majority Miami realistically ask freedom for an entire Florida? By any stretch the Buddhist and Hindu denizens of Ladhak and Jammu are in no way going to acquiesce living in an Islamic Republic of J&K. And their wishes must be honored more than the assumption of a large populated group in a small sized district that believe that the larger State boundaries must be maintained for eternity. As i have mentioned earlier that has not happened ever in the Subcontinent. And a Referendum in these areas should put these shenanigans to an end once and for all.

Let us look at the maps below will provide a perspective on the problem area with respect to the geographical area of the State: Kashmir valley rump


It is clear that from the area of the erstwhile State of J & K that is under India, Ladhak and Jammu are the biggest geographic entity. A referendum to them to integrate with the Indian union void of Art 370 would entail that most of J & K is geographically integrated into India’s mainstream. It would leave a district or two sized North Western Kashmir Valley District (KVD) that we would have to continue with the Art 370 as it is unlikely they would vote for lifting of Art 370. Yet we must offer the others their wish to integrate with the Union.

The salient advantages/ features that the Integration Referendum would offers

1. It evokes the very Principle India’s major detractors ‘scare’ us about: A Referendum.

2. It integrates the largest possible area using the referendum principle into the Indian Union.

3. It becomes possible for Indians to settle and own land in these areas.

4. Confines the ‘disturbed’ areas to district level. This has many advantages in control and depreciation of propaganda.

5. India gets complete grip on water resources emanating from the region, One of Pakistan’s major reasons to control J&K.

6. Seeing the development that Ladhak and Jammu will make on integration, NW Kashmir Valley district (KVD) will possibly have the best chance to change in time.

We gain everything by having a referendum in these districts including the Kashmir Valley district (KVD) on the simple issue if they would like a fuller integration with India devoid of Art 370. KVD will by most indications as in the Surveys reject that option, yet, Ladhak, Jammu and the many associated Shia districts will opt as the surveys clearly show. KVD, Pakistan and the West cannot object as the principle of Referendum and self determination is being invoked here in sincerity and transparency. It would be hypocritical to oppose this Referendum and the desire for people to integrate from any quarters.

This solution will go a long way to solving the Kashmir problem, albeit in a few simple steps. Yet it is important that this happen soon as demographic changes in the Ladhak and Jammu regions can be drastically altered in less than a decade and certainly in two. External influence and intense demographic Islamization can poison the initiative to integrate these areas fairly in accordance to the wishes of the people of these regions. The percentage of Dharmics in Jammu and Ladhak is deteriorating at an extremely fast clip from 90% just a few decades ago to around about 60-70% today. This referendum, thus needs to be carried out urgently at the earliest. It is important to make people understand, this solution is in very much in accordance to the principles that the UN mandates. The West, Pakistan, and the homegrown Separatist too has been parroting the line: That India respect the wishes of the People of the erstwhile State of Jammu and Kashmir. So be it and we do: We carry out the Integration Referendum.






Kejriwal is the System he wants to Change

Kejriwal is the System he intends to change. This system in India is the product of Socialist, Welfare, License Raj, Inspection Raj, Subsidy Raj, Caste, Religion based vote bank and political equations. Each of these is responsible for the enormous corruption we see today. Each of these is endorsed by Kejriwal and his coterie as individuals and as part of the Party manifesto. The only difference is the normal politicians usually endorsed all that donned in Lungi-Dhoti-Kurtas and the AAP cadre folks endorse them usually in Jeans-Trousers-Shirts and in the process resemble a  Aamir Khan movie college going type sincere coterie out to really change the world as depicted in flicks like 3 Idiots or Rang De Basanti. That is essentially the aura of change which many youngsters fed up with the image of the Dhoti-Kurta-Pyjama wearing political villain have been fed. It will take some time for the mindset to accept that political villains can also come from the Jeans-Pant-Shirt cadre format strumming a guitar while innocuously endorsing the very same policies that made a villain of the Kurta Pyjama Politician in the typical present day Bollywood flicks.

jeanclad AAP

To start lets analyze the distaste for the typical Kurta Pyjama type politician in the urban youngsters mindset. What Bollywood depicts is a typical simplistic format where they cut crooked deals and care little for the rest of the population. That fact cannot be disputed much, yet the solutions the ‘Hero’ offers are appalling. In Rang De Basanti an Aamir Khan becomes a terrorist taking over TV towers in order to avenge his friends’ death in a Mig 21 accident. The solution to the large number of crashes was already established in the Movie resulting because a corrupt politician (Dhoti Kurta clad) looting spare parts funds meant for the Aircraft maintenance. While the fact remains that corruption is a major problem, the reality was Mig 21 crashes did not occur for any of those reasons. The primary reason in real life was a defective Fuel Pump part that was manufactured without much quality control in an erstwhile part of the former Soviet Union. The film typically engendered anger in the public, but fell short of analyzing the correct reasons and methods all which require hard work, persistence and effort to come to the right solutions. The Mig 21 problem as an aside was identified in a very painstaking manner after a number of inquiries and scientific analysis and certainly not a gun toting Aamir Khan taking over TV towers in a bout of anarchist vengeance. That is the easy way out. A lot of the AAP cadre belong to those who see India’s problems being solved by Bollywood romanticized kind of methods.

Apart from Bollywood, another romantic notion of the Socialists in India was subsidy management. A major cause of corruption if not carefully deployed with an eye on the CAD (current account deficit), AAP remains committed to doling subsidies from an exchequer, but falls woefully short in generating ideas to replenish the exchequer in a sustainable manner. One can only redistribute so much without scaring away those who fill the coffers. The coffers started emptying early after Indian Independence as Nehru and Indra concentrated more on the redistribution part. A wealth tax over 95% wrecked any job creation from Private enterprise as capital departed fast and furious from Indian shores. The Dynasty worked hard to stem the flow and created controls that made India resemble a communist State. We started attracting the attention of some of the most roguish world leaders. Mugabe, Gaddafi, Arafat became close friends of India because of the choices we were making. In the process Companies saddled with large immovable assets started holding closer relationships with the Dynasty and it’s top leaders. A cosy relationship developed during the period, all at the cost of jobs, growth and development. Kejriwal represents exactly the same dynamic that the Dynasty held with Private enterprise. That of disdain and disgust. Recent remarks on a Channel by Kejriwal on removing Tatas and Ambanis and getting the Government to run power Industries was a confirmation of that intent. The obvious result of such proclivities is that business quietly starts moving out it’s invested capital and on making the right payments even moves it’s earning capital to friendlier shores.

The result of the policy of concentrating on redistribution and not of sustaining and expanding the coffers through a business friendly Government resulted in abysmal 2.8% GDP growth rates for 58 years. Even a 6% growth rate during the period would have almost abolished poverty from the nation. Today India puts about 20 million young people each year into the Job market. We need tens of thousands of companies starting and generating jobs every year. Only a Business friendly Government that believes not in harassing entrepreneurs but providing them scope and skills to grow can cope with the change required for developing India. If the gap between replenishing the Kitty and what is distributed from it increase too much we have an unsustainable Current Account Deficit and consequently we have rocketing inflation. Importantly that comes with increasing seepage from the redistribution process. Mr Kejriwal and the AAP offer no change from this status quo’ist Dynasty vision.

Another important but expected change that those who don’t bother much about Bollywood kind of solutions would logically be moving away from Caste and Religious Vote bank politics. The Dynasty milks those equations and is a master of the game. Many other parties saw the rank opportunism of the Dynasty and emerged with similar policies and proclivities to start their own regional parties that in turn challenged the Dynasty’s monopoly over this brand of politics. These regional forces emerged victors and the Dynasty had to graduate to making them partners and letting the regional players a higher say in the running of the State. The change thus realistically would be a party or leader that rises above this persistent paradigm of Caste and Religious based politics and develops the country without playing with these equations. The AAP and Mr Kejriwal fail to rise above even on this aspect. They probably go one step further and quite early in the innings have started cultivating Fatwa spewing Mullahs and promising Caste based quotas in the name of development.

The root causes of corruption in post independence India have been well established and can be listed quite simple as emerging from the following:

  1. License Raj
  2. Subsidy Raj
  3. Inspector Raj
  4. Religious Votebank Raj
  5. Caste Votebank Raj.

AAP and Mr Kejriwal endorse with emphasis each of these and that implies Mr Kejriwal and AAP are a part of the corrupted system, and not a beacon of change. They are the epitome of this system albeit in a manner with which some of the young generation identifies: Jeans, T Shirts and an unkempt beard. And that is not change. It is persisting with the same rusted policy. To change the System, Kejriwal and AAP have to change themselves. That is the hard task. Once that is accomplished changing the country may be an easier task, but not before.

Anna Hazare movement: Why does it attract the Left?

Corruption is a subjective term. It is not an absolute term. For example, if i (as part of the Govt) make a law that says from tomorrow all earnings on a salary greater than Rs 10 Lacs a year will be subject to a wealth tax of 95%. How many people would rush to somehow save as much money as possible. They would possibly even make sure a part of one’s package above that amount is transferred to some Banks abroad. Or for some reason the Govt declares a 300% custom duty on Gold. How many people who know the coast lines are ‘leaky’ would be tempted to start a parallel business in bringing Gold from the Middle East or elsewhere to Indian shores. Obviously the nexus of these ‘criminals’ would extend slowly to Cops and Politicians soon, all at the expense of the common man. 

Both the above are not hypothetical examples. They happened in India post Independence. Large sums of money left Indian shores more because of rank regressive laws than because Indian people are inherently corrupt. Simply put, Government laws made honest people corrupt almost overnight, not the other way as the Govt would have us to believe that people are inherently corrupt. It is with this in mind, any Anti Corruption movement would have to be rooted in not making corruption some absolute value to be avoided in itself, but in context with laws the Govt mandates for political, populist expediency that compel honest sets of citizens scrambling to either send money outside or to evade tax.

Anna Hazare’s Anti Corruption movement’s biggest fundamental flaw is/ was in treating Corruption as a Moral Absolute. This attracted a large amount of well wishing people that were fed up of low level corruption that one typically finds in Government institutions, whether one applies for a passport, a ration card or any kind of license or certificate. It also attracted the wrong kind of people who became their intellectual icons and leaders. The Left liberal variety. The very kind whose rhetoric pushed laws like 300% Gold duty and 97% wealth tax above a certain salary. The very kind whose rhetoric made laws that made honest people take money out of the country and invest it elsewhere.

The other big fundamental flaw in the anti-corruption movement led by Mr Hazare was focusing on the ‘Punitive’ aspect much more than on reviewing laws, increasing transparency and removing discretionary powers from the hands of Ministers. To be fair most or almost all the scams exposed in the last few years were not done by Tehelka type Media, or Arnab/ Sagarika type journalism, or the CBI but ironically were exposed by a Government Institution, the CAG! Yet the entire spectrum of Anti Corruption ideologues focused singularly on CBI (part of the Punitive organ of GoI) and Judiciary. The focus though should have been on improving the Audit procedures and experience. Ajit the Filmi villain of the 70’s made his career depicting the archetypal Gold smuggler and the Vinod Khanna, Amitabh Bacchans the angry men that heaped punitive damage on the smugglers. Yet amazingly in real life, it was an official single line notification in the early 90’s that reduced gold smuggling and Foreign exchange black markets such that  doing business in the black market for Gold and Foreign exchange became an untenable business preposition.

The focus on the wrong solutions to curb corruption occurred because of these fundamental flaws of approach, particularly assuming Corruption as some Moral absolute. These fundamental flaws attracted a brand of Left Liberal Marxists that ironically were the very reason why corruption bloomed in India. The very variety that believed in handouts and subsidies. The core primary reason why corruption in our state flourishes. These would be the type that would garner popularity and at a point of opportune time would make a political bid for power. Nothing could be more dangerous for both removing the reasons for corruption to exist, but also for the strategic security of the country. The trajectory that Anna put out to fight corruption lies only through a massive ombudsman that will have to be initiated at every city, district, town, village level. All will be massively expensive on the exchequer. With due time large pensions will be extracted. With due time favors and quota’s for becoming part of this additional bureaucracy will be the norm. Money and opportunity will continue to flee India as the ombudsman too becomes part of the left liberal marxist set up. When that happens obviously the founding fathers of the movement will deny this was the desired result. It may not be the desired result, but it is the inevitable result of the inherent fundamental flaws.

Another aspect is with undue stress on the Punitive aspect of curbing ‘corruption’; a large scale policy paralysis, a hesitation to make a decision for investment or even policy will set in. This will massively delay infrastructure development, setting up of entrepreneurial faculties and business in the country. For a country that injects 20 million youth into the job market each year, we need to be creating a million small companies each employing an average 20 people every year! We do not do that if we scare business away with regressive laws and governing concepts and ethics. The very kind of leadership the movement is attracting (the Marxist left kind) is completely opposed to business and does little to allow conditions for entrepreneurs to flourish. Subsidies and welfare will suffer if opportunities do not exist. They will remain rhetorical slogans for this lot to wreak havoc once again in our Nation. We stand to lose for generations if we do not understand these inherent flaws in approaching corruption today.

The eagerness to address the Punitive aspect rather than the Transparency and Discretionary power aspect that results in Corruption is a basic flaw in the movement and a lot of it’s present believers. With stress on punitive aspects and little on transparency corruption will surely reduce, but the State will have to resemble a North Korea: Massive punishments for bribery and such, but next to nil on the transparency index. When the Transparency and Discretionary power aspects are addressed, the resultant reduction in corruption is holistic and real. It’s measures synchronous to democratic and pluralist mechanisms.

It is in that sense the legacy that Anna’s movement engenders will be taken over by the very kind of people that made this scale of corruption and Government apathy possible. The Aam Aadmi Party reflects that aspect of the movements immaturity in addressing the core issues, despite it’s manifest honest intentions.